On this day…
John Adams, the second president of the United States, was born on October 30, 1735. Before serving as President, Adams earlier served twice as the first Vice President of the United States. Prior to his time in office, Adams made name for himself as a political philosopher and outspoken independent mind.
John Adams went to Harvard College at the age of sixteen. He graduated in 1755, at the age of 20, with a Bachelor of Arts. While his father expected him to become a minister, Adams found the work and achievements of lawyers to be much more attractive. After teaching for a few years and taking time to reflect on his career choices, Adams decided to become a lawyer. He studied law in the office of John Putnam, and was admitted to the bar after earning a Master of Arts in 1758.
Adams truly came to prominence in the early stages of the patriot movement. Elected to the Massachusetts Assembly in 1770, Adams was chosen as one of five to represent the colony at the First Continental Congress in 1774. He played an integral role in convincing Congress to declare independence. Adams assisted Thomas Jefferson with the drafting of the Declaration of Independence, and was its key, fierce advocate in Congress. After returning from France in 1779 where he served as ambassador, Adams helped frame the constitution for the state of Massachusetts. He also played a significant role in the development of the Treaty of Peace with Great Britain that ended the Revolutionary War.
John Adams was the man that nominated George Washington to be commander-in-chief. Adams’ involvement in the revolution secured him two terms as Vice President of the United States under Washington and his own election as the second President of the United States. Adams’ major accomplishment while in office was the peaceful resolution of the “Quasi-War” with France from 1798-1800.
Adams retired from office in 1801, after being defeated for re-election by Thomas Jefferson. Adams was elected president of a convention designed to reform the constitution of Massachusetts, but was forced to decline due to his failing health. John Adams died on July 4, 1826, just hours after the death of Thomas Jefferson. His last toast to the Fourth of July was “Independence Forever!”
Find out about John Adams by watching American Lifestyle: John Adams and Massachusetts: Love, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Conscience and more at Discoveryeducation.com!!