March 2018: Citation formats for elementary students

Kathy's Katch

My February 2018 Kathy’s Katch blog post covered the topics of finding and citing online images. The post received a lot of positive attention, and some educators asked me for suggestions about how younger students can learn to cite . I have recently re-worked a document outlining this process on my Guide to Everything Web site by scaffolding the process for grades one through six.

However, the Discovery Education resources include many different types of materials, some of which are not covered on the general document on my Web site. This post will include MLA-influenced citations for most of the common resources found on the Discovery Education site. Some of mine differ a bit from the citations found in Discovery Education Streaming and in the MLA documents, because I believe students should cite the type of resource they are using, too, not just the title of the resource. This makes it easier for the student and teacher to check that all resources used in a project have been cited.


 

For a full video

Title of video. Database.

Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.

 Discovery Education.

 

For a video segment

Title of segment. Database.

Tornadoes. Discovery Education.

 

For an image

Title of image. Database.

A Tornado in Denver. Discovery Education.

 

For an audio file

Title of audio file. Database.

Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster. Discovery Education.

 

For a board

Author of board first name last name. Title of board. Database.

Kathie Reid. Tornadoes. Discovery Education.

 

For an interactive

Title of interactive. Database.

Weather Patterns. Discovery Education.

 

Lesson materials

Title of lesson material. Database.

Tornadoes. Discovery Education.

 


 

For a full video

“Title of video.” Database, date of creation.

“Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.”

 Discovery Education, 2017.

 

For a video segment

“Title of segment.” Database, date of creation.

“Tornadoes.” Discovery Education, 2017.

 

For an image

“Title of image.” Database, date of creation.

“A Tornado in Denver.” Discovery Education, 2006.

 

For an audio file

“Title of audio file.” Databasedate of creation.

“Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster.” Discovery Education,

2012.

 

For a board

Author of board first name last name. “Title of board.”

Databasedate of creation.

Kathie Reid. “Tornadoes.” Discovery Education, 1 May 2014.

 

For an interactive

“Title of interactive.” Databasedate of creation.

“Weather Patterns.”Discovery Education, 2006.

 

Lesson materials

“Title of lesson material.” Databasedate of creation.

“Tornadoes.” Discovery Education, 2010.

 


 

For a full video

“Title of video.” (video)Database, date of creation.

“Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.” (video).

 Discovery Education, 2017.

 

For a video segment

“Title of segment.” (video segment)Database, date of creation.

“Tornadoes.” (video segment). Discovery Education, 2017.

 

For an image

“Title of image.” (image). Database, date of creation.

“A Tornado in Denver.” (image). Discovery Education, 2006.

 

For an audio file

“Title of audio file.” (audio). Databasedate of creation.

“Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster.” (audio). Discovery Education,

2012.

 

For a board

Author of board last name, first name. “Title of board.” (type of board). 

Databasedate of creation.

Reid, Kathie. “Tornadoes.” (student board). Discovery Education, 1 May 2014.

 

For an interactive

“Title of interactive.” (interactive). Databasedate of creation.

“Weather Patterns.” (interactive). Discovery Education, 2006.

 

Lesson materials

“Title of lesson material.” (type of material). Databasedate of creation.

“Tornadoes.” (study guide). Discovery Education, 2010.

 


 

For a full video

“Title of video.” (video)Database, date of creation, URL of full video.

“Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.” (video).

 Discovery Education, 2017, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/

videos/0bcbae06-f577-4155-872a-8e69c2c3f7f5.

 

For a video segment

“Title of segment.” (video segment)Database, date of creation,

URL of video segment.

“Tornadoes.” (video segment). Discovery Education, 2017,

http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/

33d43fd4-649d-422a-9ee3-fd448ec20b05.

 

For an image

“Title of image.” (image). Database, date of creation,

URL of image.

“A Tornado in Denver.” (image). Discovery Education, 2006,

.

 

For an audio file

“Title of audio file.” (audio). Databasedate of creation,

URL of audio file.

“Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster.” (audio).

Discovery Education, 2012, http://

.

 

For a board

Author of board last name, first name. “Title of board.”

(type of board). Databasedate of creation, URL of board.

Reid, Kathie. “Tornadoes.” (student board). Discovery Education,

1 May 2014, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/core:builders/

boards?layout=default&assetGuid=ea96a19e-c409-f6e7-0db9-

5859fd882474&includeHeader=true.

 

For an interactive

“Title of interactive.” (interactive). Databasedate of creation,

URL of interactive.

“Weather Patterns.” (interactive). Discovery Education, 2006,

.

 

Lesson materials

“Title of lesson material.” (type). Databasedate of creation,

URL of lesson material.

“Tornadoes.” (study guide). Discovery Education, 2010,

.

 


 

For a full video

“Title of video.” (video)Database, Producerdate of creation,

URL of full video.

“Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.” (video).

 Discovery Education, Maslowski Wildlife Productions, 2017,

http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/

0bcbae06-f577-4155-872a-8e69c2c3f7f5.

 

For a video segment

“Title of segment.” (video segment)Database, Producer

date of creation, URL of video segment.

“Tornadoes.” (video segment). Discovery Education, Maslowski Wildlife

Productions, 2017, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/

33d43fd4-649d-422a-9ee3-fd448ec20b05.

 

For an image

“Title of image.” (image). Database, Producerdate of creation,

URL of image.

“A Tornado in Denver.” (image). Discovery Education, Corbis, 2006,

.

 

For an audio file

“Title of audio file.” (audio). Databasedate of creation,

URL of audio file.

“Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster.” (audio). Discovery Education,

2012, http://

.

 

For a board

Author of board last name, first name. “Title of board.”

(type of board). Databasedate of creation, URL of board.

Reid, Kathie. “Tornadoes.” (student board). Discovery Education,

1 May 2014, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/core:builders/

boards?layout=default&assetGuid=ea96a19e-c409-f6e7-0db9-

5859fd882474&includeHeader=true.

 

For an interactive

“Title of interactive.” (interactive). Databasedate of creation,

URL of interactive.

“Weather Patterns.” (interactive). Discovery Education, 2006,

.

 

Lesson materials

“Title of lesson material.” (type). Database

date of creation, URL of lesson material.

“Tornadoes.” (study guide). Discovery Education, 2010,

.

 


 

For a full video

“Title of video.” (video)Database, Producerdate of creation,

URL of full video. Accessed day month year.

“Natural Phenomena: Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Other Weather.”

(video). Discovery Education, Maslowski Wildlife Productions,

2017, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/

0bcbae06-f577-4155-872a-8e69c2c3f7f5. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

For a video segment

“Title of segment.” (video segment)Database, Producer

date of creation, URL of video segment. Accessed day month year.

“Tornadoes.” (video segment). Discovery Education, Maslowski Wildlife

Productions, 2017, http://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/

33d43fd4-649d-422a-9ee3-fd448ec20b05. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

For an image

“Title of image.” (image). Database, Producerdate of creation,

URL of image. Accessed day month year.

“A Tornado in Denver.” (image). Discovery Education, Corbis, 2006,

. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

For an audio file

“Title  of audio file.” (audio). Databasedate of creation,

URL of audio file. Accessed day month year.

“Swirling Twister Or Tornado Wind Disaster.” (audio). Discovery Education,

2012, http://

. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

For a board

Author of board last name, first name, “Title of board.” (type of board). 

Databasedate of creation, URL of board. Accessed day month year.

Reid, Kathie. “Tornadoes.” (student board). Discovery Education, 1 May 2014,

http://app.discoveryeducation.com/core:builders/

boards?layout=default&assetGuid=ea96a19e-c409-f6e7-0db9-

5859fd882474&includeHeader=true. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

For an interactive

“Title of interactive.” (interactive). Databasedate of creation,

URL of interactive. Accessed day month year.

“Weather Patterns.” (interactive). Discovery Education, 2006,

. Accessed 1 March 2018.

 

Lesson materials

“Title of lesson material.” (type). Databasedate of creation,

URL of lesson material. Accessed day month year.

“Tornadoes.” (study guide). Discovery Education, 2010,

. Accessed 1 March 2018.


Here are separate downloadable PDF files for each grade level if you wish to share them with your students.

discovery_citations_1     discovery_citations_2    discovery_citations_3

discovery_citations_4    discovery_citations_5    discovery_citations_6


What are your thoughts on scaffolding the citation process to help students learn the components? Do you have another method of teaching proper citation of materials to students? Please share your thoughts!

 

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