Tag Archives: Spotlight on Strategies

SOS: Z Chart

The Z Chart is a graphic organizer that helps students summarize information using linguistic and nonlinguistic representations. According to research done by Robert Marzano, “Psychologists believe that information is stored in memory in two ways: in words (linguistic) and in images (nonlinguistic).” Nonlinguistic representations can include visual images and organizers, auditory experiences, kinesthetic activities, videos, computer simulations, etc. Graphic organizers are one tool to help students make connections with and summarize information.

SOS: 3-2-1 Pyramid

In order to effectively summarize information, students must learn to analyze it at a deep level. The 3-2-1 pyramid organizer helps scaffold students in learning how to make decisions about what information is extraneous and can be deleted or substituted, and what information is critical and necessary to understanding the topic.

SOS: Sticky Back

Listening, reading, and/or watching for key ideas and details is an important comprehension skill for students of all ages to master. Understanding what a media selection explicitly says allows a student to make inferences and take appropriate actions. The Sticky Back strategy encourages students to listen and observe beyond the obvious, reporting key ideas and details they observed -and hope their classmates did not!

Creating a Classroom Culture of Kindness and Respect During Discussions and Debate

instructional strategies for encouraging constructive discussions even during difficult conversations. These curated ideas from the popular Spotlight on Strategies series encourage self-discipline during classroom discussions, citing evidence when asserting opinions, and persevering even when disagreements arise.

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