Summarizing requires that students distill information in a concise, synthesized form and focus on the important points presented in a text (Marzano, 2001). This strategy involves students sharing the responsibility for summarizing content. After watching a video, each student develops a summary statement beginning with a unique letter of the alphabet and then shares out to the whole group. The individual summaries can be compiled into one final product.
- Decide on how students will be assigned to alphabet letters. If using a random assignment you’ll need to prepare slips of paper, one letter per slip, that students can draw out of a hat.
- Select and preview a video.
- Share video with students. Encourage note-taking by stopping frequently to discuss, define, or clarify information.
- Assign letters to students and explain that students will watch the selection a second time, this time with the focus being on developing a summary statement that begins with that letter.
- Replay segment.
- Provide time for students to craft A-B-C statements. Scaffold by allowing students to discuss with partners or small groups if necessary.
- Ask students to share statements in either small group or whole class format.
- Optional: Compile individual summary statements into a book, poster, etc.
- Review of information gleaned from a video presented in class.
- Synthesis of multiple days of instruction with each student responsible for one letter of the alphabet.
- Group presentation format with students working in groups to research topics and then presenting a summary of their learning in the form of an A-B-C list rather than a written paper.
After watching a video on the water cycle students will craft statements to generate a “Water Cycle from A-Z” list. Sample shared below.