Hamilton vs. Jefferson: Using Hamilton the Musical in the Classroom

“And the world’s gonna know your name –
What’s your name, man?

Alexander Hamilton.
My name is Alexander Hamilton.
There’s a million things I haven’t done
But just you wait.
Just you wait…”

For the past four years, I have used Lin-Manual Miranda’s performance at the 2009 White House Poetry Jam to introduce my students to Alexander Hamilton. And every year, they demand a second viewing. Lin-Manual’s ability to tell Hamilton’s story through hip-hop is absolutely amazing and my students often sang the song weeks later.



Lin-Manual Miranda is the genius behind Hamilton the Musical, the hit musical that tells the story of the first treasury secretary and of our young nation. When tickets for the production went on sale I immediately bought them. I cannot explain how amazing the show is. Mr. Miranda not only does a remarkable job bringing Alexander Hamilton to life, he breathes life into the founding of our nation. After seeing it, I could not wait to bring it to my class.


While Act 1 does an amazing job focusing on Hamilton’s experience during the War of Independence, as a classroom teacher it is the second act that I feel could help illuminate the differences between the Jeffersonians (Democratic-Republicans) and the Hamiltonians (Federalists). Two of the songs in particular, “Cabinet Battle #1” and “Cabinet Battle #2” directly highlight the foundational differences between the beliefs of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.


The image of the hat was lovingly taken from HamiltonBroadwayGoods.com and added to Mr. Hamilton by me!

The image of the hat was lovingly taken from HamiltonBroadwayGoods.com and added to Mr. Hamilton by me!

For this lesson, I am going to focus on “Cabinet Battle #1” which focuses on core economic differences between the two secretaries. In this rap battle, President Washington mediates a discussion regarding Hamilton’s economic plan. The lyrics are fast and full of history! As my students would be overwhelmed with this at first, I need to back up and discuss the differences between the two men.


After an overview of the two men (as listening to Miranda’s performance at the White House above), my students completed a graphic organizer to help them understand the major differences between the two parties that the men led.

Comparing Federalists with Antifederalists


While students have a general understanding of the differences, the Enduring Debates activity from the Social Studies Techbook has students go a bit deeper into the ideals of the two parties. Students begin by looking at the central issue between the two men (which is also highlighted in Cabinet Battle #1) – the role of the federal government over the states.

Enduring Debates: Introduction


After a brief biography, students hear from Jefferson and Hamilton on three aspects dealing with the central question.


Euduring Debates: Hamilton Enduring Debates: Jefferson


Students then choose to align themselves with one of the men and explain their reasoning.

Enduring Debates: Expaination

At the end, students look at the scorecard to see where they align. For the record, I always saw myself as a Hamiltonian (I even got married at a place called Hamilton Hall to celebrate that fact. And also my marriage.)

Enduring Debates: Scorecard


Now that students have a better understanding of the issues, students are ready to listen to and break down the lyrics from Cabinet Battle #1. The song is available on Amazon Prime (and can be easily found on YouTube). Disclaimer: There is also one curse word in this song. In the lyrics for students to annotate, I put “sh—“ and during the song, I made an audible “beep.”

If you haven’t yet listened to the song, please do! I’ll be right here.

Now for this activity (link to the Google Document), I am using two columns to provide support for students as they make it through the document. Students are answering the questions on the side as they read and making notes on the document to provide context for the history behind the lyrics. Students may work alone, in groups, or partner up and then compare and compile information. I have included the activity here which is freely available for download so you can modify it to work in your class!

Cabinet Battle #1 Close Read

Once students feel they have gotten as much as they can, you can compare your students work Lin-Manual Miranda (and others) work annotating the song on genius.com. I recommend previewing the website annotations on the site before deciding which you would like to share with them.

As a final activity, based upon their understanding of Hamilton and Jefferson’s opposing view students identified other areas of disagreement between the two. My students highlighted their feelings about a strict versus loose interpretation of the Constitution and their feelings towards France. For extra credit, students have the option of writing another verse illustrating those differences.

I am sure that many have different ideas for discussing Hamilton and Jefferson and for using music in the classroom. Let’s talk!


Related posts


  1. Pingback: Hamilton vs. Jefferson: Using Hamilton the Musical in the Classroom | Discovery Education | Michael K. Milton ~ @42ThinkDeep

  2. Orlando Ramirez said:

    I teach 8th grade U.S. History and I’ve used about 5 or 6 songs already to help supplement the content of our textbook. The rap battles are awesome and ultimately I had them do a similar annotating activity having the students pull out the historical content included or eluded to in each song. One question for you…I had a similar dilemma with the cursing in some of the songs. How did you get around that? Did you rerecord it adding a bleep or did you just manually press mute when the lyric came up? I was super pumped to expose my students to this music and they absolutely loved it!

    • Kelsey said:

      NPR First Listen has a recording of the album with expletives removed, which is what I’ve been using. Hope that helps!

      • Allie said:

        Can you link that? It says you can only listen on Spotify, but I’m having no luck with finding expletive free versions of the songs. Thanks!

    • Krista Jarrell said:

      I bought the edited version of the album. It doesn’t edit out the words “whore” or “damn”, but it does a good job on the rest.

    • Navya said:

      that’s what we’re doing right now. That’s right i’m in 8th grade and we are asked to paraphrase the Cabinet Battle #2… Honestly it is really hard and i really need some help

  3. Ron said:

    This is amazing! Thank you for sharing.

  4. socialstudies said:

    Its also better to way to teach by musical show methods , its keep student clean and effective or also very interesting method.

  5. Pingback: 4 Articles About Using Hamilton in the Classroom | Marisha's Blog

  6. Albert smith said:

    I wish every online user could read this post. Although it is a short article it presents a unique daily routine that aims at promoting a healthy living. Since a lot of people are nowadays suffering from lifestyle diseases, adopting such a routine will be of help to them.

  7. violet tayylor said:

    Discover the best range of motorcycle clothing, parts, equipment and accessories online. We carry a huge range of motorcycle accessories for all styles of motorcycle and scooter rider such as helmets, gloves, jackets etc
    mc hjälm

  8. Pingback: Grammys 2016: "Hamilton" performs, wins Best Musical Theater Album - 1

Comments are closed.