The Z Chart is a graphic organizer that helps students summarize information using linguistic and nonlinguistic representations. According to research done by Robert Marzano, “Psychologists believe that information is stored in memory in two ways: in words (linguistic) and in images (nonlinguistic).” Nonlinguistic representations can include visual images and organizers, auditory experiences, kinesthetic activities, videos, computer simulations, etc. Graphic organizers are one tool to help students make connections with and summarize information.
Thomas McAuliff shares how he combines strategies to activate prior knowledge, focus students on listening to peers, and assess gaps in student understanding. Learn more from his SOS Story.
Francie Snyder, a teacher from Manatee County, Florida, likes to combine several strategies, resulting in a powerful SOS mashup.
In order to effectively summarize information, students must learn to analyze it at a deep level. The 3-2-1 pyramid organizer helps scaffold students in learning how to make decisions about what information is extraneous and can be deleted or substituted, and what information is critical and necessary to understanding the topic.
Elizabeth Merrit used virtual reality and SOS Paper Slide to spice up a science vocabulary lesson. Read about the reaction she got from students and parents!
Listening, reading, and/or watching for key ideas and details is an important comprehension skill for students of all ages to master. Understanding what a media selection explicitly says allows a student to make inferences and take appropriate actions. The Sticky Back strategy encourages students to listen and observe beyond the obvious, reporting key ideas and details they observed -and hope their classmates did not!
Learn how Shelby Bailey helps 5th grade students master math concepts with SOS ABC Summary and SOS Paper Slide.
instructional strategies for encouraging constructive discussions even during difficult conversations. These curated ideas from the popular Spotlight on Strategies series encourage self-discipline during classroom discussions, citing evidence when asserting opinions, and persevering even when disagreements arise.
See what Jackie Smyers and her 3rd graders think about using AEIOU to summarize what they’ve learned and how additional student instructions made it even more effective.
Read about how Wanda Hanley uses SOS: XO Let’s Go to help 2nd grade students synthesize what they’ve learned in a Discovery Education video segment.